Jun 16, 2020 in Sociology essay

Example Sociology Essay Racism

Discussing racial issues frequently makes individuals feel uncomfortable. The most persistent approach for that is colorblindness. It refers to the racial ideology which posits that the only way to end discrimination is by treating individuals equally regardless of their ethnicity, culture or race. Most Americans view colorblindness as useful to individuals of color by claiming that race does not matter. The fact is minorities explain race matters due to the fact that it affects income, education, perceptions, and other aspects (Bonilla-Silva, 2014). Thus, colorblind racism is a serious issue that can cause harm to a nation. This paper gives responses obtained from three people interviewed and my answers. Arguably, colorblind racism creates inequality and discrimination. 

Reasons for Race Segregation in the U.S. Schools and Ways to Improve the Situation

In his response, Peter James (the first interviewee) claims that the reason the U.S school system is segregated by race is discrimination. He adds that discrimination begins from the school administration. Peter states that students of color do not get equal course offerings at schools. This enormous difference has led to segregation. He claims that much has to be done in this situation. The first step is to develop and implement support plans and trainings in order for teachers to obtain the skills in working with individuals from the background. This will help them use the materials that will assist in recognizing the contribution of all races and cultures to the U.S. history.

Esther John, the second interviewee, claims that the U.S. schools are segregated because white populations are given great opportunities unlike the students of the color in classes, which is racial discrimination. Esther argues the population of minorities who dwell in the United States is increasing steadily. Private schools, suburban schools, and magnet schools serve as the upper class, which is the minority of the American population. These schools are considered as the best schools in America. She adds that the majority of students in prestigious schools are whites, and that fact is an indication that there is still segregation in America. According to Esther, much has to be done to end the issue of segregation in schools. Educators need to recognize and at the same time demand changes in the racial and ethnic conditions outside schools that make their work easier.

John Smith, the third interviewee, claims that the reason there is still racial segregation in the U.S. education system is that most of the schools comprise of the whites. Thus, students of the color hardly attend these schools. Even if they attend, they end up being mistreated. Most of the white students come from wealthy backgrounds unlike those of color who are poor. According to Smith, black students are discriminated. It is a fact that income and race segregate American schools. Smith argues that in Hawaii and New Mexico, white students attend schools in which the majority of the students are white. Latino and black students tend to participate in schools with other students of color. The only way to end segregation in schools is to stop discrimination by race.  

In my opinion, most schools in the US are segregated due to discrimination by racial preference. The status of wealth is also a determinant for segregation. From my viewpoint, racial segregation in schools should be avoided at all costs. Students should not be discriminated due to their race or ethnicity. Schools must have civil rights agenda. 

Should Minority Students Be Provided Unique Opportunities to Be Admitted Into Universities?

In his response, Peter James claims that minority students should not be provided with unique opportunities when enrolling in schools. The reason for this is that they should have equal opportunities just as every other student. Since they are the minority, it does not mean they receive any special treatment in institutions. Racial preference is considered a type of discrimination which could result in stigmatization for those who do not fit under these preferences. It is a fact that race-based discrimination undermines the American dream. Thus, fair and equal treatment for each student should be a reality but not just a mere talking point.

Esther John supports James’ argument that minority should not be provided with unique opportunities when enrolling in schools. Esther claims that it is up to the minority students to meet the standards and anything else that is required for their entry into universities or other institutions. Every student is entitled to equal treatment by the university he/she enrolls. Thus, the rights must not be impaired by discrimination based on race, color, civil status, religion, language, or sex. No matter the preferred color, as racial discrimination is morally wrong. 

John Smith states that the minorities should be considered an integral part of each country’s culture. He argues that they could be different regarding religion, race and other aspects. They have the right to preserve their culture, society norms and beliefs. Thus, this does not imply that they are thwarted upon by the majority in their country or perhaps being abused or discriminated. Therefore, they do not deserve any special treatment when enrolling in schools. Students with disabilities should have access to the available support services to help them fulfill their academic requirements. The support services include note takers, interpreters, readers, and technological aids. The disabled students are eligible to using the support services as well as other students use other services. 

In my opinion, the equality should be supported. Thus, treating minorities in a special way to bring them to the same level with majorities is against inequality. Giving favors to females or males or a person of any color is wrong since this will be considered intrinsically unfair. Nationality, sex, and color are not the characteristics that entitle individuals to less or more good things in life. 

Reasons for Racial Inequality in the US after the Civil Rights Movement

Peter James claims that racial inequality still persists in the US even after the civil rights movements because the policies set by the movements were inadequate to address the condition of the blacks, especially on income distribution. Societies in the US are characterized by significant differences, and the blacks live in poverty. Inequality is seen in studies and the cycle of poverty. Students across America do not have equal access to public education since education system might differ from one region to another.

Esther John argues that the reason racial inequality is present in the US even after the civil rights movements is a result of racialized social system. This means that the system maintains and reproduces the status of the dominant groups economically, socially, psychologically, and politically. Thus, this is evident that cyclical failure is present since the lower socioeconomic groups are not likely to attend college and higher education institutions. They are also paid less in their organization. Moreover, they ultimately raise their kids in a similar socioeconomic situation. Thus, poverty is cyclical, and the capability to avoid it is not available through the strong educational system.  

John Smith claims that cases of killings of African-American citizens and police brutality instances are a clear argument that racial inequality still exists in the US even after the civil rights movements. There are problems that both white Americans and black Americans face. However, it is important to convince the whites that these problems are real to solve them early enough. The inequalities can be explained in terms of education, wealth alongside others.  

In my viewpoint, racial inequality is present due to education. There is also inequality in education. Schools have become more segregated even after the civil rights movements. Students of the color attend schools where the majority of the students are Latino and Hispanics. White children attend schools whereby the biggest percentage comes from wealthy families. Even when the American schools are mixed racially, students of color are faced with racial stereotypes.

In conclusion, colorblind racism is problematic and should be avoided in all ways. It is evident that racism invalidates people. In most instances, it equates color with something that is negative. People should understand that colorblind ideology is a type of racism. In the US, most public schools are still segregated. There is much inequality between students of the color and the whites. They do not receive a similar education. Furthermore, most of the white students enroll in schools where the majority of them are whites whereas Latino and Hispanics enroll in schools where the majority of the students are of color. This proves that segregation is still high in the US. Minority students should not receive any unique opportunities, especially when enrolling in universities. All students deserve equal treatment, and being underprivileged does not guarantee them any unique opportunities. Even after the introduction of civil rights movement, cases of racial inequality in the US still exist. People are being discriminated. People of the color still live in the cycles of poverty whereas the whites earn more. Thus, colorblind racism should be stopped to avoid inequality and discrimination.

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