Capital Punishment in the US

Dec 11, 2019 in Research Paper

 Capital Punishment Research Paper Example

Capital Punishment in the US: Serves No Deterrent Purpose

Introduction

Capital punishment, which is also termed as the death penalty is the harshest type of punishment imposed in the U.S. today. Consequently, death penalty forms one of the mainly controversial and emotionally driven issues in the country nowadays. It has been endlessly debated on not simply as a religious or legal issue, but as well as a moral one, in the past and at present. Some citizens think that capital punishment is a horrific thing while to others it serves the accused together with the population right. This research, which expounds much on the arguments surrounding the issue of death penalty, instigates deterrence of crime. Deterrence basically means punishing someone to set an example, as well as generate trepidation in other citizens, thus making them shun away from crime. It is quite obscure to agree fully with the authorities’ argument on the determent effect of carrying out capital punishment since everyday new cases of violence and crime are reported (Shepherd, 2005).

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For instance, in 2002 only, in the U.S., 71 inmates were all set to death while in 2003, 13 more prisoners were nationally executed and a further 26 were listed to die. In the country, methods of putting to death vary from mild persecute such as deadly electrocution and injection, to further barbaric torture like hanging or shot to demise by a firing force. In accordance to Amnesty International organization, 76 nations have completely eradicated capital punishment, and numerous countries that hold on to it have not employed it for years. The death penalty menace ought to be fully abolished for the reason that it is not a helpful felony deterrent. Furthermore, it is ethically incorrect, and actually, there are supplementary alternatives, which are more humane (Federal Death Row Prisoners, 2012).

The penalty of death when someone is accused of committing some certain crimes like first degree murder, and robbery with violence does not have say on the deterrence of transgression. In fact, It is needless to note that capital punishment through studies contacted by several bodies has shown that there are actually raises of the crime rates in particular states. Research carried out by the Death Penalty Information Center substantiates that in the year 2001, the assassinate rates in the American states, which completely did not use the death penalty were 37% lower as compared to states, which were operating on capital punishment as their murder toll were quite high. Further studies also revealed that the Southern states had the uppermost rates of murder even though they were responsible for about 80% of total executions, which occurred in the U.S. Examination into the reasons of higher slaughter rates in capital punishment states shows a link between putting to death and the increases in murder rather than the vice versa (ASC Policy Paper, 2001).

Another research conducted with a regard to death penalty in Oklahoma established that there was a large raise in unfamiliar person killings as well as non-crime visitor killings raised immediately after Oklahoma recommenced prisoners’ executions subsequent to a 25-year suspension of the act. Therefore, from these studies it were clearly evident that death penalty is not the solution to curbing crimes in our community. It is actually a yoke on the public and consequently does more damage than good. Numerous other nations have exterminated the sentence of death punishment for similar reasons. The countries that have abolished capital punishment have substantially lower crime rates. The rate of murder estimated in the U.S. is three times elevated than in nations such as Sweden, Italy, and France. These countries completely do not make use of capital punishment. Death penalty as a form of punishment does not dampen crime (Yunker, 2001).

In addition, the death penalty does not put off violent actions in psychologically retarded or ill criminals. Psychologically incapacitated offenders do not encompass the intellect or state of brain to establish correct from wrong before they are sent to penitentiary. Majority of these offenders commit brutal crimes since they aren't capable to function correctly in society. Plus they do not recognize the penalty of their deeds. These citizens do not comprehend the capital punishment or realize what it brings about. As a result, the death penalty is unsuccessful in averting violent crime in these individuals (Foley, 2003).

Similarly, it is terribly wrong to put to death offenders who have developed into psychologically insane or challenged after they have been sent to jail. These convictees living every day as a detainee in their own psychological hell is retribution enough. Thus, in such cases, death penalty does not serve whichever rationale, because these offenders are too disjointed to discover any message from death. In fact, the majority of them even do not realize that they have been sentenced to death or rather they will die or even the reason they are vanishing for. This reveals that the determent concept would really fail as capital punishment is not quite a practical solution for those criminals with psychological issues as they are incompetent of regular thought progressions and many of them cannot still grasp the impression of death (Fagan, n.d.).

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The sentencing of death penalty extensively sends a conflicting and confusing message. The phenomenon of capital penalty endeavors to put off criminals from violent and murder crimes through ending the life of convicted persons. These signals are quite contradictory since death penalty brings out the message that people should not kill or they will be killed. In essence, punishing is inconsistent and bizarre act. The capital penalty is, for instance, similar to spanking a kid for beating another youngster at school. The act only serves to strengthen and confuse the manners rather than correcting them. Hence, it does not formulate sense as the death penalty only strengthens violent activities and brings out not rationale, but to retaliate victims as well as their families. The general public is endorsing retribution by taking on the death punishment for that reason capital punishment doesn’t serve as a correctional device, but as a state certified revenge with no deterrence effect on the society (Gray, 2011).

The effects of capital penalty are greatly diluted within the states, which employ it. As many of these executions are not passed out in quite a rational period of moment it is immediately after the sentencing process is completed. It presently takes a typical of about 10 years from judgment day to execution since prisoners’ misuse the court order known as the habeas corpus, as it guarantees compulsory appeals of convictions and sentences in state illicit cases. Critics challenge that this particular delay does away with the motive and outcome connection between felony and penalty. It is essential if sentence discourages future criminal activities. Several wrangles came up indicating that if all the appeals progression was changed, the deterrent outcome of death penalty would be further verifiable and evident (Shepherd, 2005).

Moreover, numerous oppositions to the menace of capital punishment put argument across. Since the most crime undertakers and murders are impulsive and unplanned they definitely are not frighten by death penalty. In such poignant state, a killer is improbable to reflect about the far-away possibility of the death sentence. Thus, the deterrence effect is completely clouded by the psychologically charged setting around these crimes, thus bringing out the picture that even the perpetrators do not calculate or rather weigh-out the implications of the crime he/she is about to commit (Arguments for and against the death penalty in the USA, n.d.).

The death punishment does not cause deterrent since most citizens who carry out murders probably do not anticipate to be trapped or do not cautiously weigh the divergences between a likely execution as well as life imprisonment, before they proceed. Commonly, murders are done in instances of anger or passion, or by offenders who are drug abusers and proceeded impetuously. For instance, a previous Texas Attorney commented that the criminals who went through execution in the state were not deterred at all with the dreadful death sentence law. He went further and noted that in the most cases he handled majority of the murderers committed the crime under relentless alcohol and drug abuse (Stevens, 2010).

Conclusion

In the country, States that do not use the death punishment have generally lower murder toll than those, which do employ the punishment. Similarly, the same applies when comparisons are made between the U.S. and other alike nations. Studies shows that it has high preference of murder pace than other European countries and Canada, which do not exercise the death punishment in reality (Foley, 2003). People and States, which suppose that deterrence validates the execution with regard to certain offenders stand the weight of verifying that the death punishment is actually a deterrent. The overpowering ending from many years of preclusion researches is that actually the death sentence is not further of a restraint than a judgment of life imprisonment. Therefore, it would be adamantly right to conclude that death punishment brings out an opposite effect, which barely means that the society is maltreated by the utilization of capital punishment and this consequently increases the numbers of murder cases.

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