The article Making a Name: Women’s Surnames at Marriage and Beyond written by authors Claudia Goldin and Maria Shim concerns a track of the fraction of the college graduates females. They maintain their surnames after the marriage and the childbirth and search for some of the correlates of the surname preservation. Information from the alumni books of the New York Times is utilized in the birth records of Massachusetts and Harvard Colleges. Surname preservation at the marriage is significantly escalated from the year 1975 to the year 1985. However, Massachusetts birth annals and the Harvard information detail a reduction in the portion of women maintaining their surnames starting with the 1990s. The observable features of significance in surname preservation are those enlightening that the newlywed has already created a new name for herself.
It is very significant to understand that the maintenance of the surname has increased for the last 25-30 years. In this case, it appears as if women do not change their surname after getting marries because they already have the name. In addition, it is important to understand that most of the women who maintain their names after being married do not preserve their surnames throughout their life. They change their surnames and adopt the names of their partners due to legal and socio-economic factors.
On the other hand, custom has played a very critical factor for the women who do not keep their surname at their marriage. At this moment, it depends on the family that a woman becomes a part of. If the custom defines that the surname is the one adopted, then the woman will have to comply and adopt the behalf of the family she enters. Otherwise, the parents give the newlywed the freedom to choose whether to change the name or maintain her surname.
For instance, in Tennessee, it was until 1975 that women could attain a driving license and vote using documents that contained their surnames in the place of the family surname. Women should have the freedom to choose whether to change their surname or not for a number of reasons. At first, even if a woman gets married, she still belongs to her family from which she originates. In this case, therefore, she should maintain her surname. On the other hand, it is the children who should adopt the name of the new family since they are the one who belong there.
However, on the other hand, women should be compelled to assume the surname of the man she gets married. The main reason for being compelled is that they become a member of the new family and do not target to retreat. As well, it is essential for identification, i.e. when a woman is called by the name of the family it is simpler to identify her. If she maintains her old surname, no one would note the difference or know she is married.
For all the reasons, one could expect that college girls have retained to preserve their surnames to a greater degree between the late 1960s and the early 1970s. Together appropriated, these influences suggest that women found themselves in the condition where they had made a name for themselves. They include the status in a business, profession, or among colleagues or friends before the marriage. Like the product names of client goods, women designated to preserve their surnames to maintain the worth of their publications, professional and contacts goodwill. An enormous number of women may also have their surnames as the means of maintaining their personal uniqueness alongside with their professional one. The authors provide some supporting sociological evidences on how the female versus men demarcated their individualities within marriage athwart the 1970s and the 1980s. Therefore, there was a significant incentive for the woman to preserve their surnames.
Additionally, it is important to understand that most of the college girls get married immediately after they finish their college education mainly due to the economic reasons. One of the main reasons for being married is that, when these girls were in school, they used to be supported by their parents. Once they complete schooling and their parents stop assisting them financially, life changes and becomes hard. At this point, they need to clinch somewhere to get their new help. As they try to get their new assistance, they get married. At this stage in life, their life changes completely as they stabilize once again, but this time for life.
Due to the economic changes, college girls started using pills in order to control birth. It is important for them to finish school. Because of being economically weak, they cannot support the young ones. Therefore, under all conditions, the article highlights how and why the college girls should control their birth until they finish their college education. At the time when they are done with their studies and get married, they can support their young ones since they become economically stable.
One more factor that determines whether the women will preserve their surname is the occupation of their parents. Women like being associated with people of high integrity. In this case, therefore, they tend to depend on the noble families. If the family is earning sufficient money to cater for all their expenses, women will incline to use their surname. In this case, the more stable the family is, the higher is the probability of the women to marry a person from this family.
Additionally, the type of the ceremony carried out during the wedding ceremony matters significantly. If the wedding ceremony is a noble and classic one, the woman will automatically like to change the name. If the marriage entices the woman, she will amend the name since she wants to be associated with the new family.
There is no sufficient indication to show that women do not like changing their surname in their marriage. The evidence data come from Massachusetts birth records only. Data from one institution cannot reflect the correct evidence for the whole community or world. The data could have originated from several health systems in order to reflect the reality more completely. There is a weakness in reporting, and, therefore, the conclusion is also weak.
As well, the data used to show the evidence of the college girls get married once they leave the college are collected from only two colleges. In this case, therefore, the deduced conclusion cannot represent the reality of the entire community. The reason for such a situation may be the location of colleges in a poor economic area. Poverty can be a reason for early marriage.
In conclusion, women like being associated with noble families. When people of high status marry them, they incline to change their surname and adopt the family name of the family they join. On the other hand, if the new family is financially unstable, the newlywed decides to preserve her surname. However, the deduced conclusion was arrived at after analysis of a limited survey that only covered a single geographical area.