Socioeconomic Status In Healthcare
Socioeconomic Status, Health Risk Factors, and Policy Development
1. Socioeconomic Status In Healthcare
It is important to note that socioeconomic status implies to an individual or family measure of both social and economic position based on income, occupation, and education of an individual. In healthcare, socioeconomic status is based upon an individuals ability to attain the best healthcare advice and treatment at the right time. Socioeconomic status is usually divided into the following three groups: high-, middle- and low social economic status. Therefore, while placing any group of individuals or families in these three categories, the three variables of occupation, income, and education need to be assessed. The variables normally determine where a group of individuals falls into the economic status of every society. Therefore, this paper critically covers how the socioeconomic standards determine the health of individuals, how it interacts with other health determinants, and the relative contribution of the socioeconomic status to different individuals.
It is also important to note the disparities in the healthcare industry because of the many differences that the individuals portray. The disparities in healthcare exist from a wider range of dimensions based on the differences in demographical factors and above all the differences in individuals economic prowess. Many factors contribute to the individuals ability to attain good health depending on ones race, geographical location, age, and even gender. Thus, there is significant disparity among people worldwide (Kominski, 2014). The education levels normally differ within different individuals, which explains the whole difference and competence within different social groups. This also refers to the individuals abilities to acquire the right and relevant form of medical cover to each household as a basic requirement of the community.
In fact, socioeconomic status still proves to be the most powerful and single health determinant within the reach of the majority of individuals. The socioeconomic status of an individual plays an integral part in informing the person about the right and relevant measures to be put in place in case of any major form of unhealthy condition. Individuals from the high socioeconomic status tend to enjoy and access the medical attention at a higher and faster rate as in comparison to the middle- and low socioeconomic statuses. In contrary to this, the individuals from a low socioeconomic status have limited access to most of the medical facilities and equipment, thus, rendering them to be vulnerable to most of the diseases, illness, and injuries. As income tends to divide the three levels of socioeconomic status, education plays an important role in creating equality within the different groups of individuals worldwide (Copeland, 2005).
Health determinants are usually factors depicting the raise or decrease of health in a given community. Such determinants are essential in the communities as they explain and predict important trends about the community members health and generally explain why some social groups have good health as compared to others. Health determinants form the key and the basis of all forms of injury, disease, and illness prevention. However, the determinants might have both negative and positive social impact on different individuals. Factors such as excessive smoking of cigarettes and a low socioeconomic status normally increase the health risks and are termed as risk factors (Kok et al., 2013). Therefore, the socioeconomic status of an individual generally interacts with the other determinants of health. For example, an individuals status enables him or her to receive proper medical help within the right time and range.
Health determinants plays a crucial role in explaining what makes some people healthier than others. This also elaborates on the needed measures to create a society with equal chances of long and healthy lives among its members. The most common health determinants include the economic, social, and other environmental factors that influence the health status of different individuals at different levels. Therefore, the socioeconomic status of individuals interact with other determinants of health in a manner that the economic and social prowess of an individual enable him or her to attain the right healthcare within the desired time using the right facilities and equipment (Swift, 2002).
However, understanding the relative contribution of the socioeconomic status of every household helps in explaining what the individuals expect and their preparedness to deal with any unfavorable condition as far as good health is concerned. As such, the socioeconomic status tends to influence a wide range of health capacities and vulnerabilities concerning health management and their behaviors towards healthcare. The differences in socioeconomic status not only influence the diverse dimensions experienced in health care and management but also create a series of health issues leading to circumstances that represent the existing subsequent determinants of good health. Poverty remains the only impeding form of health socioeconomic status among the different levels that creates a unique disparity between different members of the society.
In this case, the important potential determinants of health determine how different individuals respond to their health issues. In this respect, the socioeconomic status interacts differently with different principles of the society economic empowerment. For instance, the interaction leads to exposure to mass media and other emerging technological trends that form the basic unit of interaction at the community level. The communication channels enable individuals to access the right form of healthcare advice and adequate transportation options that play a key role in accessing the right mode of treatment and other forms of healthcare management. Therefore, the relative contribution of the socioeconomic status is majorly concerned with eliminating all the forms of disparities within the social environment of different individuals with a key mandate of creating equality (O'Connor-Fleming & Parker, 2008).
The healthcare risk factors, policy development, and improvement of wellbeing and the overall health plays a paramount role in establishing cohesion in healthcare management and the health standards. Some of the common risk factors affecting the heath of different individuals include ill health, diseases, disability, and death. Such habits as drinking and smoking together with physical inactivity and poor diet pose the most common risk factors to wellbeing. The development of policy in the healthcare supervision and management helps in providing the required solutions when it comes to medical attention and the general improvement of health as it is administered to different individuals from different socioeconomic statuses. As such, the general wellbeing of individuals greatly relies upon the ease of acquiring medical treatments despite the differences in demographical factors and the socioeconomic status.
2. Health Care Risk Factors, Policy Development, Improvement of Wellbeing, and Overall Health
Public health has a significant role in discussing the general utilization of all the risk factors and their relationship to health. From this discipline, it is important to note that public health plays a vital role in promoting equality in all the sectors of the economy. Therefore, public health creates favorable working environment that enables individuals to receive medical help regardless of the socioeconomic status and other social inequalities. Public health forms the background of all the health factors and their provision to the most vulnerable people in the society. Consequently, a healthy public tends to be more immune to all the forms of impeding danger that tends to cut their life short or disturb their normal conditions of living as far as healthcare is concerned (Weissman, 1996).
While utilizing the risk factors in the society, it is upon public health institutions to create and implement sustainable forms of healthcare that the rest of the society benefits from. The health conditions of different individuals tend to differ with the many risk factors experienced in daily life. In addition to this, the determination of the most relevant health policy plays an integral role in sustaining health of the community members in many ways. Proper policies will help the population to receive the most relevant health care services within the right time, thus, improving their living conditions and general economic advancements of the state (Nash, 2011). Such policies work hand in hand with other governmental regulatory boards to provide the most adequate form of medical attention to the citizenry of any state all over the world in the most advanced manner.
In this regard, public health institutions have the mandate to improve healthcare services available to all the members of the community regardless the differences in their socioeconomic statuses. As such, they create important wellbeing programs that help the most vulnerable individuals to adjust and adapt to the right and living conditions. Such programs include providing gym classes after work or during the breaks for employees at the production sights in order to help them control such risk factors as excessive drinking and smoking. Public health institutions, therefore, should educate individuals about health hazards and promote healthy lifestyle (Stanhope & Lancaster, 2014). Thus, a healthy community with access to information concerning health is more cost effective as most of the people have their health issues solved within the shortest time possible leading to improved status of living.
With improved level of wellbeing, the planning of health service will definitely take place in a good manner. Health service planning helps the healthcare personnel to plan adequately within the required time and enable them to offer the most relevant healthcare provision. Such programs work hand in hand in nurturing a healthy society through working collaboratively in supporting each other and participating more actively in the maintenance of their own health status and wellbeing. They normally set up health services responsible for promoting and monitoring the community members wellbeing (Cohen, Chavez, & Chehimi, 2010). Such programs also work together in the provision of other important services as far as healthcare is concerned such as providing guiding and counseling to the people on a wide range of topics that affect their daily lifestyles and health.
In conclusion, adequate and timely program development leads to improved wellbeing and the planning of health service. Therefore, it is evident that the overall health of individuals depends upon many factors like the healthcare risks and policy development from the governmental bodies and other private health facilities (Murray, 2009). The health conditions of different people tend to vary according to their ability to access and locate quality education, affordable and reliable mode of transportation, and health insurance. Health of a person is determined by how an individual addresses the many health concerns such as access to decent and safe housing, the availability of clean water for domestic use, and low levels of air pollution. It is therefore the mandate of every individual to take proper care of his or her own health and, thereafter, live a healthy life free from diseases.